Search Results - Biotechnology

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Genetically Modified Plants for Increased Cell Wall Biomass

Executive SummaryPlant secondary cell walls are the bulk of plant biomass in woody plants. They are necessary for plant growth and are important for numerous industries, including pulp and paper, cotton, timber, and biomass feedstocks. Regulating secondary cell wall synthesis in trees and other plants could speed up biomass production for these ind...
Published: 10/18/2018   |   Inventor(s): Kyung-Hwan Han, Im Jong Hee
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agricultural, Biotechnology

Synthesis of Biobased and Substituted Terephthalic Acids and Isophthalic Acids

Executive SummaryMarket and societal pressures are encouraging widespread utilization of biobased plastics. Many chemicals needed to make plastics, particularly PET, are derived from petroleum. This technology allows for the production of these necessary chemicals from either natural gas or renewable feedstocks. Description of TechnologyThis tec...
Published: 9/24/2018   |   Inventor(s): John Frost
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Chemicals, Biotechnology, Environmental, Materials, Packaging

System for Identifying Brain Functional Area

Executive SummaryMagnetic Resonance Imaging, or MRI, has revolutionized non-invasive diagnostic methods used in modern medicine. Furthermore, functional MRI (fMRI) has allowed researchers and technicians to observe neuron activity directly by monitoring blood oxygen levels within small areas of the brain. However, steady states of activity must be ...
Published: 9/13/2018   |   Inventor(s): Jie Huang
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Medical, Biotechnology, Computer Software, Data Processing/Analysis

Novel Coronatine-Based Herbicide Treatment Platform with Increased Pathogen Resistance for Crop Plants

Executive SummaryDespite best efforts and current technology to enhance agricultural productivity, it’s estimated that insect pests and disease reduce the value of several major world crops, including rice, wheat, and corn by 20-37% annually. Considering more and more pests are becoming resistant to common agrochemical treatments, a crop pla...
Published: 8/29/2018   |   Inventor(s): Sheng-Yang He, Li Zhang, Jian Yao, Rahul Banerjee, John Withers
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

A new forensic tool - Novel method of Identifying a Minor Contributor’s DNA in a Mixed Sample

Executive SummaryForensic scientists use an array of tools to identify individuals from a crime scene ranging from fingerprints to DNA. However, DNA evidence samples often contain DNA mixtures from both an assailant and a victim, which can either obscure one source or even render the entire evidence sample useless. The difficulty of de-convolving e...
Published: 7/9/2018   |   Inventor(s): David Foran, Katelyn Kranz
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Biotechnology

Co-culture solar production of high-value products utilizing encapsulated, carbohydrate-secreting cyanobacteria

Executive SummaryBiobased plastics and chemicals offer an alternative solution to products traditionally made from fossil fuel sources. Fermentation generally uses heterotrophic organisms to convert carbohydrate-rich feedstocks like sugarcane, sugar beets, and corn into value-added compounds (e.g nutritional supplements, pharmaceuticals, etc.). Bec...
Published: 6/18/2018   |   Inventor(s): Daniel Ducat, Taylor Weiss, Eric Young
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Biotechnology, Agricultural, Chemicals, Energy

Implantable Neural Microelectrodes and Fabrication Method

Executive SummaryMicroelectrodes have become vital in the current-day attempt to map and understand the human brain, as well as delivering unique therapeutic solutions. These microelectrodes are able to work as biosensors, picking up changes in potential and electrophysiology. In particular, extracellular sensors can record data on neurotransmitter...
Published: 6/4/2018   |   Inventor(s): Wen Li, Yue Guo, Thomas Schuelke, Michael Becker, Robert Rechenberg, Cory Rusinek
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Advanced Materials, Biotechnology, Devices

RF Detection of Analytes

Executive SummaryDue to public health concerns since the 1920’s, the U.S. dairy industry is federally required to be monitored and treated for bacterial contamination. Most municipalities mandate pasteurization to reduce the number of viable pathogens likely to cause disease. Pre- and post-pasteurized milk is often tested for contamination vi...

Novel MmpL3 Inhibitor as a Treatment of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

Executive SummaryMycobacterium Tuberculosis (Mtb) is the pathogen responsible for Tuberculosis. Standard TB treatments typically require four different drugs and a duration of six to nine months of treatment; however, there is still an evolution of drug-resistant Mtb. With not only Tuberculosis, but drug-resistant Tuberculosis causing upwards of 1....
Published: 6/4/2018   |   Inventor(s): Robert Abramovitch, Huiqing Zheng
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Medical, Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical

Improved Technology for Mannitol Production

Executive SummaryIndustrialized production of mannitol for use as a food sweetener and various pharmaceutical applications is currently achieved by hydrogenation of a fructose/glucose syrup at high pressures and temperatures. The reaction produces a mixture of mannitol and sorbitol that is both inefficient (70% sorbitol as end-product) and requires...
Published: 5/31/2018   |   Inventor(s): Claire Vieille, Seung Hoon Song, J. Gregory Zeikus
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Chemicals, Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical
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