Search Results - cellulose

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Gene for Zipped Lignin Production in Plants

IntroductionLignin is an important plant cell wall component that provides critical structural support to plants. Native lignin is very difficult to break down by chemical or enzymatic means, which makes the task of producing paper and biofuels from plant material extremely difficult. However, lignin with ester bonds, called “zipped” ...
Published: 5/31/2016   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, Saunia Withers, Shawn Mansfield, John Ralph
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

Gene for p-Coumarate Knock Down

IntroductionLignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradation, which is so essential for plant health, are...
Published: 11/1/2011   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, Saunia Withers, John Ralph, John Sedbrook
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

Increase Of Cellulose Biosynthesis

IntroductionCellulose is a complex carbohydrate that serves as the basic structural component of plant cell walls. It accounts for roughly one-third of all vegetal matter, making it the most common organic compound on earth. Due to its ubiquitous nature, cellulose and its derivatives are key resources for the agriculture, forestry, textile, and pap...

Gene For Zipped Lignin Production In Plants

IntroductionLignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity and resistance to chemical and enzymatic damage to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradat...
Published: 4/25/2011   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, John Ralph, Saunia Withers, Shawn Mansfield
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Biotechnology

An Economical and Potent Mixture to Induce Cellulolytic Enzymes Production at High Concentration

IntroductionProducing biofuels from cellulosic materials, such as corn stalks, wood chips, and other biomass, requires the use of enzymes to degrade the cellulosic biomass into its molecular components. The cost to produce these enzymes is high, a factor contributing to the limited production of cellulosic ethanol. Description of TechnologyMichigan...
Published: 4/21/2011   |   Inventor(s): Ming Woei Lau, Bruce Dale, Venkatesh Balan, Shishir Chundawat
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biomass, Cellulose, Enzymes Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Materials

A Novel Extractive Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) Process

IntroductionIn the continuing push to develop alternative fuels, bioethanol is clearly a viable option. However, if it is to become a truly economical alternative, a more effective and efficient method of processing lignocellulosic biomass must be developed. Description of Technology Michigan State University has developed a novel lignocellulosic b...

Continuous Nano-Hybrid Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuels

IntroductionDue to its abundant resources, lignocellulosic biomass is a promising candidate for bioethanol production to reduce the dependence of transportation fuels on petroleum and decrease the greenhouse gas emission. Biomass pretreatment is an essential processing step in the enzymatic hydrolysis of biofuels or pulp from lignocellulosic plants...
Published: 1/21/2011   |   Inventor(s): Ilsoon Lee, Wei Wang, Shaowen Ji
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Biomass, Biomass Ethanol, Cellulose, Ethanol, Lignin Category(s): Biotechnology, Nanotechnology