Search Results - biofuel

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Gene for Zipped Lignin Production in Plants

IntroductionLignin is an important plant cell wall component that provides critical structural support to plants. Native lignin is very difficult to break down by chemical or enzymatic means, which makes the task of producing paper and biofuels from plant material extremely difficult. However, lignin with ester bonds, called “zipped” lignin,...
Published: 5/31/2016   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, Saunia Withers, Shawn Mansfield, John Ralph
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

Increase of Oil Content in Vegetative Tissues

IntroductionProduction of alternative fuels such as biodiesel is on the rise around the world and in the U.S. due to a strong and growing desire to reduce dependency on petroleum-derived diesel fuel. The acceptance of biodiesel has been slowed due to its higher cost relative to petroleum-derived diesel. The higher cost of biodiesel is directly related...
Published: 9/21/2011   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, Changcheng Xu, Binbin Lu, Jinpeng Gao, Sanjaya Sanjaya
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biofuel, Oil Crops, Transgenic Crops Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology, Energy

Algae Transcription Factors That Increase Oil Production

IntroductionIn recent years, the interest in alternative fuel has grown rapidly. There are many different alternatives on the market, from corn oil to algae. The largest advantages of algae biofuel are that it is a renewable source of energy and that algae may be grown autotrophically using energy from the sun. Autotrophic growth helps reduce or avoid...
Published: 8/9/2011   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning
Keywords(s): Algae, Biofuel, Biotechnology, Transcription Category(s): Biotechnology, Energy

Gene For Zipped Lignin Production In Plants

IntroductionLignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity and resistance to chemical and enzymatic damage to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradation,...
Published: 4/25/2011   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, John Ralph, Saunia Withers, Shawn Mansfield
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Biotechnology

Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases Involved in Oil Biosynthesis in Microalgae

IntroductionThe need for the development of biomass-based domestic production systems for high energy liquid transportation fuels is widely recognized. Concerns related to environmental impact and the price of oil combined with political issues related to dependence on foreign oil have increased interest in alternative biofuels. Currently, transportation...
Published: 4/22/2011   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, Rachel Miller, Eric Moellering
Keywords(s): Algae, Biodiesel, Biofuel Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy

Using Ammonia Treatment to Make Biomass Pellets

IntroductionCellulosic biomass is not dense enough to be transported economically over long distances. The treated biomass must be compressed to increase its density. However, when compressed, the biomass tends not to bind sufficiently. Additionally, current additives used to increase binding characteristics of the biomass are expensive. Description...
Published: 4/21/2011   |   Inventor(s): Bruce Dale, Bryan Ritchie, Derek Marshall
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Biomass Pretreatment, Cellulosic Biomass, Lignocellulose Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy, Agriculture

Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment Using Gaseous Ammonia and Combinations with Hot Inert-Carrier Gases

IntroductionTo achieve high yields of glucose and other products for use in biofuels and bio-based chemicals, lignocellulose must first be pretreated. The goal of pretreatment is to decrease the crystallinity of cellulose, increase the biomass surface area, remove hemicellulose, and break the lignin seal. Current pretreatments use liquid ammonia, dilute...

Enzymes and Genes to Produce Triacylglycerols, Including sn-3-Acetyl Triacylglycerols

IntroductionBiodiesel can substitute for conventional petroleum diesel in almost all applications. Oftentimes, use of biodiesel requires engine modification since biodiesel has different solvent properties and often degrades natural rubber. Since use of biodiesel is increasing rapidly, alternative biofuel supplies are needed to accommodate the growing...
Published: 4/15/2011   |   Inventor(s): Anne Milcamps, David Pan, Michael Pollard
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biofuel, GMO Crops, Plant Oils Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Agriculture

Wrinkled 1 (wri1) Seed-Oil-Increasing Transcription Factor

IntroductionPlant seed oils are used in many products, including human and animal food products, soaps, detergents, cosmetics, paints, lubricants, and to make biodiesel. Demand for vegetable oils has been increasing steadily and has been bolstered by recent interest in using these oils as renewable alternatives to petroleum fuels. Description of TechnologyMichigan...
Published: 4/15/2011   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, Alex Cernac
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Plant Oils, Transgenic Plants Category(s): Biotechnology, Agriculture

Utility Promoters for Biomass Feedstock Biotechnology

IntroductionGenetic optimization of biomass is necessary to improve the rates and final yields of sugar release from woody biomass. Areas that would benefit from genetic optimization include growth rate, environmental stress tolerance, yields of easily fermentable polysaccharides, total lignin content, lowering biomass recalcitrance to fermentation,...
Published: 4/13/2011   |   Inventor(s): Kyung-Hwan Han, Jae-Heung Ko
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Biomass, Ethanol, Feedstock, Lignocellulose Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy
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