Search Results - Agriculture

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Biodegradable Slow Release Pesticide Plugs and Mechanized Injection System

Executive SummaryProfitability in domestic and global fruit markets requires meeting high food quality standards, often through the judicious use of pesticides. Currently, these pesticides are applied using airblast sprayers up to 10 times per growing season. Airblast sprayers deliver only 29 to 56% of the sprayed solution to the tree canopy. A new...
Published: 9/1/2017   |   Inventor(s): John Wise, Christine VanderVoort, Charles Coslor, Laurent Matuana
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Agricultural, Chemicals, Environmental

Drought Tolerance Gene

Executive SummaryMany current applications to control drought tolerance in plants are focusing on the manipulation of gene regulation. Researchers at MSU have discovered that over-expression of a gene that encodes a major regulator of plant cellular signaling processes creates a high level of drought tolerance. The over-expressing plants maintain l...
Published: 6/29/2017   |   Inventor(s): Robert Day, Patricia Santos, Caleb Knepper
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

Medicinal plant compound reduces mycotoxins and sporulation

Executive SummaryEconomic losses due to mycotoxins in the United States are estimated to be between $0.5 and $1.5 billion annually. Fungicides are only partially effective against mycotoxin-producing fungi because such fungi are naturally tolerant to many fungicides, and because when stressed by fungicide applications, fungi can respond by producin...
Published: 6/27/2017   |   Inventor(s): Gale Strasburg, John Linz, Felicia Wu, Muraleedharan Nair, Juma Mmongoyo, Jovin Mugula, Amila Dissanayake, Chuan-Rui Zhang, Josephine Wee
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Chemicals

Conferring Aphid Resistance in Soybeans

Executive SummarySoy is a billion-dollar industry; it is widely utilized in foods for human consumption, agricultural animal feed, and soybean oil, the second most consumed oil in the world. The aphid Aphis glycines Matsumura, first discovered in North American in 2000, devastates soy crops. As this aphid is an invasive species, current soybean var...
Published: 4/4/2017   |   Inventor(s): Dechun Wang, Clarice Mensah, Carmille Bales, Zhongnan Zhang, Cuihua Gu, Christina DiFonzo, Guorong Zhang, Zhenyu Yang, Menghan Liu
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture

14-3-3 Protein Overexpression to Enhance Plant Oil Production

Executive SummaryVegetable oils are used for nutrition, biofuel, industrial applications, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. To meet the growing demand for vegetable oils, production of oilseeds has increased steadily in recent years. Researchers at Michigan State University (MSU) have discovered a method to significantly increase the content of oil i...
Published: 2/6/2017   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, John Ohlrogge, Wei Ma, Que Kong
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

Time-Release Miticide for Varroa Destructor in Bee Hives

Executive SummaryStarting in 2006, global beekeepers reported unusually high losses of 30-90% of their hives, which has since been termed Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). The U.S. experienced a loss of nearly one third of the honey bee colonies each year over the last decade. One primary cause has been identified: an infestation by the mite, Varroa...
Published: 2/6/2017   |   Inventor(s): Edmund Stark, Daniel Henton, Patrick Smith, Tracy Zhang
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Chemicals

Real-Time 3D Modeling Of Watersheds

Executive SummaryGroundwater is the most extracted raw material in the world. As such, it is crucial that companies and governments are able to understand exactly how their use of groundwater affects the immediate area. Visualizing where groundwater is located, how chemical contaminants affect groundwater over time, and predicting how weather will ...
Published: 1/30/2017   |   Inventor(s): Shu-Guang Li, Huasheng Liao
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Environment, Biotechnology, Analytical Instruments, Computer Software, Data Processing/Analysis

Increased Cellulosic Ethanol Productivity Through Enzyme Recycling and Yeast Cells Reuse

Executive SummaryCellulosic ethanol is produced from non-food based feedstock such as corn stover, the leaves and stalks of corn. This feedstock contains lignocellulose (cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin), which must be hydrolyzed to release sugars, which are converted to ethanol. Three major issues impeding commercial production of cellulosic e...
Published: 1/30/2017   |   Inventor(s): Mingjie Jin, Venkatesh Balan, Bruce Dale
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Biotechnology, Energy, Agriculture

A Minimized Cyanobacterial Microcompartment for CO2 Fixation

Executive SummaryCarboxysomes form an essential part of the cyanobacterial CO2 concentrating mechanism which reduces losses from photorespiration and increases the tolerance to low external CO2 concentrations. This efficiency-enhancing mechanism cannot be found in algae or higher plants, where it may be used to increase photosynthetic efficiency ...
Published: 10/24/2016   |   Inventor(s): Cheryl Kerfeld, Cesar Gonzalez Esquer
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Biotechnology, Energy, Agriculture

Blueberry Variety - MSU 67 - Osorno

Breeding ProceduresEmasculated flowers of ‘Draper’ were pollinated in 2002 with pollen from ‘Legacy’. The seeds were germinated, grown in a greenhouse for 1 year and then field planted at the Southwest Michigan Research and Extension Center (SWMREC) in Benton Harbor, Michigan. MSU 67 was first selected from a group of 103 si...
Published: 9/6/2016   |   Inventor(s): James Hancock
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture
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